Acidosis is when there is too much acid in your body fluids and tissues. It occurs when the lungs and kidneys can’t maintain a pH homeostasis, thus falling below 7.5. (Remember: the higher the pH the more acidic, the lower the pH the more basic) There are two types of acidosis- metabolic and respiratory.
Metabolic acidosis occurs when the body produces excessive amounts of acid, or when the kidneys fail to eliminate enough acid from the body. You will often find this in 3 forms:
Diabetic acidosis: occurs in poorly maintained diabetes caused by ketones (click for definition on my info leaf page) built up in the blood. Seen in diabetics.
Hyperchloremic acidosis: occurs when the body produces too much acid or not producing enough bicarbonate, which helps to regulate pH level in the small intestine by neutralising acidic chyme (product produced during digestion) from the stomach. Common side effect with diarrhoea and vomiting.
Lactic acidosis: occurs when there is too much acid build up in the body. Ever heard personal trainers or gym junkies refer to “lactic acid build up”? Well this is what they are talking about. Lactic acidosis is the most common type of metabolic acidosis and can result from chronic alcohol use (alcohol is converted to acid after digestion), cancer, seizures, liver failure, low blood sugar and prolonged exercise!
Metabolic acidosis symptoms include rapid and slow breathing, fatigue, lack of appetite, fruity smelling breath, muscle twitching, warm, flushed skin and nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea.
Respiratory acidosis occurs when the lungs cannot remove all the carbon dioxide (also known as CO2) the body produces. This causes a build up of CO2 in the blood, causing acidity. This is seen in two forms:
Acute respiratory acidosis: occurs when CO2 builds up very very quickly and before the kidneys can return the body to a balance (homeostasis). This is considered a a medical emergency. If left untreated, it can be life threatening.
Chronic respiratory acidosis: occurs overtime where the body adapts to the acidic environment, and helps to re-balance the bodes acid-base balance.
Respiratory acidosis can be caused from asthma, obesity (because of difficulty breathing), muscle weakness in the chest, nervous system problems. Symptoms include: fatigue, shortness of breath (hyperventalation), constant want for sleep, confusion and becoming tired really easily.
It is important to note these symptoms and causes are based on a clinical study observed from serious conditions. If you think you may be suffering from multiple symptoms or causes, please DO NOT diagnose yourself, but instead see a medical professional as your condition may be related to other body processes.
Aaaand, this is where I say: TO BE CONTINUED… Check back for
Part 3: Alkalosis.
MISSED PART 1? Click here to see what YOU need to know about YOUR body pH!